Optics Materials

Crystal Quartz

Crystal Quartz

Crystal quartz is a positive uniaxial birefrigent single crystal. Foctek select the best quality quartz, which has min inclusions and refractive index variation as the raw material of our components. Quartz is commonly used for high damage threshold waveplates.

Transmission range: 200 nm~2300 nm
Thermal expansion coefficient: 7.07X10 -6 /K
Density: 2.65g/cm 3

a - BBO (high temperature phase of BaB2O4) is characterized by large birefringent coefficient and wide transmission window from 189nm to 3500nm,particularly suitable for high power UV polarizer (200-300nm).

YVO4 crystal has been widely used in fiber optical components due to its large birefringence,good physical and favorable mechanical properties.Since the crystal has high transmission from 500 to 3500nm,it is recommended to use YVO4 polarizer for IR (up to 7750nm) online_ordering.

Calcite is a natural minded crystal and the most common crystals for polarizers used as visible and near IR polarizers. Defect in bulk calcite are characterized by bubbles, striae,optical inhomogeneity and stress birefringence. These defects cause degradation of polarization and transmission loss due to scattering and absorption. That is why the extinction of the polarizer is not as high as synthetically grown material YVO4,a -BBO and crystal quartz.

Crystal Quartz is a natural occurring as well as synthetically grown positive uniaxial crystal that is optical active,i.e. it rotates the plane of polarization of linearly polarized input beam traveling along the crystal optic axis. Because of it's reatively low birefringence,it is not feasible to fabricate a crystal quartz Glan type polarizer but as Rochon polarizer.

Comparison of main properties of the materials listed below:

  YVO4 Calcite a -BBO Quartz
Transparency 400-5000nm 350-2300nm 189-3500nm 200-2300nm
Crystal Class(Uniaxial) Positive n0=na=nb,ne=nc Negative n0=na=nb,ne=nc Negative n0=na=nb,ne=nc Positive n0=na=nb,ne=nc
Mohs Hardness 5 3 4.5 7
Thermal Expansion Coefficient aa=4.43x10-6/k aa=11.37x10-6/k aa=24.39x10-6/k aa=5.68x10-6/k aa=4x10-6/k aa=36x10-6/k aa=6.2x10-6/k aa=10.7x10-6/k
Hygroscopic Susceptibility Low Low to Moisture Low Low
Refractive Index(633nm) no=1.9928 ne=2.2153 n0=1.6558 ne=1.4852 no=1.6706 ne=1.5483 n0=1.5427 ne=1.5518

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